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 Post subject: GtkSourceView Syntax Highlighting Text Widget ( C )
PostPosted: Fri Mar 06, 2009 7:50 am 
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Joined: Thu Jun 21, 2007 1:52 pm
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Tutorial on GTK's Multiline Text Editing Widget

Code example found here.

#include <gtk/gtk.h>
#include <gtksourceview/gtksourceview.h>
#include <gtksourceview/gtksourcebuffer.h>
#include <gtksourceview/gtksourcelanguage.h>
#include <gtksourceview/gtksourcelanguagesmanager.h>

gcc -Wall -o main main.c `pkg-config --cflags --libs gtk+-2.0 gtksourceview-1.0`
static gboolean open_file (GtkSourceBuffer *sBuf, const gchar *filename);

main( int argc, char *argv[] )
  static GtkWidget *window, *pScrollWin, *sView;
  PangoFontDescription *font_desc;
  GtkSourceLanguagesManager *lm;
  GtkSourceBuffer *sBuf;

  /* Create a Window. */
  gtk_init (&argc, &argv);
  window = gtk_window_new (GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);
  g_signal_connect (G_OBJECT(window),"destroy",G_CALLBACK(gtk_main_quit),NULL);
  gtk_container_set_border_width (GTK_CONTAINER (window), 10);
  gtk_window_set_default_size (GTK_WINDOW(window), 660, 500);
  gtk_window_set_position (GTK_WINDOW (window), GTK_WIN_POS_CENTER);

  /* Create a Scrolled Window that will contain the GtkSourceView */
  pScrollWin = gtk_scrolled_window_new (NULL, NULL);
  gtk_scrolled_window_set_policy (GTK_SCROLLED_WINDOW (pScrollWin),
                                  GTK_POLICY_AUTOMATIC, GTK_POLICY_AUTOMATIC);

  /* Now create a GtkSourceLanguagesManager */
  lm = gtk_source_languages_manager_new();

  /* and a GtkSourceBuffer to hold text (similar to GtkTextBuffer) */
  sBuf = GTK_SOURCE_BUFFER (gtk_source_buffer_new (NULL));
  g_object_ref (lm);
  g_object_set_data_full ( G_OBJECT (sBuf), "languages-manager",
                           lm, (GDestroyNotify) g_object_unref);

  /* Create the GtkSourceView and associate it with the buffer */
  sView = gtk_source_view_new_with_buffer(sBuf);
     /* Set default Font name,size */
     font_desc = pango_font_description_from_string ("mono 8");
     gtk_widget_modify_font (sView, font_desc);
     pango_font_description_free (font_desc);

  /* Attach the GtkSourceView to the scrolled Window */
  gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (pScrollWin), GTK_WIDGET (sView));
  /* And the Scrolled Window to the main Window */
  gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (window), pScrollWin);
  gtk_widget_show_all (pScrollWin);

  /* Finally load an example file to see how it works */
  open_file (sBuf, "main.c");

  gtk_widget_show (window);

  return 0;

static gboolean
open_file (GtkSourceBuffer *sBuf, const gchar *filename)
  GtkSourceLanguagesManager *lm;
  GtkSourceLanguage *language = NULL;
  GError *err = NULL;
  gboolean reading;
  GtkTextIter iter;
  GIOChannel *io;
  gchar *buffer;

  g_return_val_if_fail (sBuf != NULL, FALSE);
  g_return_val_if_fail (filename != NULL, FALSE);
  g_return_val_if_fail (GTK_IS_SOURCE_BUFFER (sBuf), FALSE);

  /* get the Language for C source mimetype */
  lm = g_object_get_data (G_OBJECT (sBuf), "languages-manager");

  language = gtk_source_languages_manager_get_language_from_mime_type (lm,
  g_print("Language: [%s]\n", gtk_source_language_get_name(language));

  if (language == NULL)
    g_print ("No language found for mime type `%s'\n", "text/x-csrc");
    g_object_set (G_OBJECT (sBuf), "highlight", FALSE, NULL);
   gtk_source_buffer_set_language (sBuf, language);
   g_object_set (G_OBJECT (sBuf), "highlight", TRUE, NULL);

  /* Now load the file from Disk */
  io = g_io_channel_new_file (filename, "r", &err);
  if (!io)
    g_print("error: %s %s\n", (err)->message, filename);
    return FALSE;

  if (g_io_channel_set_encoding (io, "utf-8", &err) != G_IO_STATUS_NORMAL)
   g_print("err: Failed to set encoding:\n%s\n%s", filename, (err)->message);
   return FALSE;

  gtk_source_buffer_begin_not_undoable_action (sBuf);

  //gtk_text_buffer_set_text (GTK_TEXT_BUFFER (sBuf), "", 0);
  buffer = g_malloc (4096);
  reading = TRUE;
  while (reading)
    gsize bytes_read;
    GIOStatus status;

    status = g_io_channel_read_chars (io, buffer, 4096, &bytes_read, &err);
    switch (status)
      case G_IO_STATUS_EOF: reading = FALSE;

      case G_IO_STATUS_NORMAL:
        if (bytes_read == 0) continue;      
        gtk_text_buffer_get_end_iter ( GTK_TEXT_BUFFER (sBuf), &iter);
        gtk_text_buffer_insert (GTK_TEXT_BUFFER(sBuf),&iter,buffer,bytes_read);

      case G_IO_STATUS_AGAIN: continue;

      case G_IO_STATUS_ERROR:

        g_print("err (%s): %s", filename, (err)->message);
        /* because of error in input we clear already loaded text */
        gtk_text_buffer_set_text (GTK_TEXT_BUFFER (sBuf), "", 0);

        reading = FALSE;
  g_free (buffer);

  gtk_source_buffer_end_not_undoable_action (sBuf);
  g_io_channel_unref (io);

  if (err)
   g_error_free (err);
   return FALSE;

  gtk_text_buffer_set_modified (GTK_TEXT_BUFFER (sBuf), FALSE);

  /* move cursor to the beginning */
  gtk_text_buffer_get_start_iter (GTK_TEXT_BUFFER (sBuf), &iter);
  gtk_text_buffer_place_cursor (GTK_TEXT_BUFFER (sBuf), &iter);

  g_object_set_data_full (G_OBJECT (sBuf),"filename", g_strdup (filename),
                  (GDestroyNotify) g_free);

  return TRUE;


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